SCEC Mission Areas
Soldiers conduct missions in austere and complex environments where GPS is not always available or accurate - whether that be from the challenges of geographical terrain and urban settings or adversarial efforts to deny and disrupt situational awareness. To accurately execute unified action, Soldiers need to know where they and their comrades are located, where they are going, and when to strike. Assured PNT, a system-of-systems approach, provides Soldiers with integrated solutions to obtain trusted PNT information while operating in conditions with potentially limited, impeded or denied GPS. Assured PNT solutions enable Soldiers to leverage information critical to complex combat operations, increase platform/Soldier protection, maintain or acquire signals in challenged environments, improve situational awareness, and synchronize advanced weapon systems and tactics seamlessly for unified execution of the mission. Army Futures Command, Combat Capabilities Development Command (CCDC), Command, Control, Computers, Communications, Cyber, Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (C5ISR) Center’s versatile solutions enable continuous navigation and total situational awareness for the mounted/dismounted Soldier and commander in varying conditions, including GPS- challenged or degraded environments.
A wide ranges of actors, from nation states to individuals, engage in malicious cyber activity to undermine the economy and threaten national security.
The Army must account for Cyberspace Operations in a tactical environment, like a Tactical Operations Center where military specific operations occur. The tactical environment provides unique challenges to the Army from a defensive and offensive perspective. Army Cyberspace Operations include a broad spectrum of capabilities and initiatives that provide tactical decision makers with the assurance, awareness and protection needed to operate effectively in the cyberspace environment and the ability to exploit, deny and disrupt the adversary's use of it. The cyber domain continues to grow, and the DOD has identified cyber as a defense domain much like air, land, maritime and space; however, unlike the other domains there is not a specific military service to deal with cyber. CCDC C5ISR Center provides Soldiers with state-of-threat tools and techniques for offensive and defensive cyber operations. CCDC C5ISR Center looks at challenges such as mitigating threats posed by voice, video and data services available on the Internet that could affect Internet-connected devices. CCDC C5ISR Center support to the Army's cyber mission includes research of overseas contingency operations technologies and the implementation of a standardized software framework and specifications. This support reduces the timeline and costs required for the development of new capabilities and reduces operator- training requirements. CCDC C5ISR Center provides continued information superiority and ensures that mission critical information is available, connected and secured in an environment of information warfare attacks and unintentional disruptions. Assurance against disruption can include detecting malicious code against zero-day attacks that exploit previously unknown vulnerabilities; enabling information sharing across multiple security boundaries properly; and developing, testing and evaluating intrusion detection, user authentication, cryptography and biometric capabilities.
The use of electromagnetic-enabled technologies increased drastically during Operations Iraqi and Enduring Freedom and continues to increase globally.
Electronic Warfare includes military action involving the use of electromagnetic and directed energy to control the electromagnetic spectrum or to attack the enemy. It allows Soldiers to detect, disrupt, deny, degrade, or destroy enemy systems, and protect against the adversary's ability to do the same. The convergence of CCDC C5ISR Center's unique technical expertise in Electronic Warfare, Signals Intelligence, Cyber and Tactical Network Science enables effective, interoperable jamming and communications systems operations to defeat the enemy and protect Soldiers. Traditional applications of EW include threat warning and countermeasures in support of platform protection including rocket propelled grenades, radio-controlled improvised explosive devices and other command and control communications by both military and commercial threat. These efforts have proved to be effective in numerous circumstances, but not without tradeoffs in communications effectiveness and increased size, weight and power requirements for the integration of additional special purpose systems into Army platforms.
Today, the use of EW technologies has expanded to include support to Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (Electronic Support), Force Protection (Electronic Countermeasures), and Force Application (Electronic Attack) and is intended for integration on dismounts, ground vehicle and airborne platforms. As communications and non-communications technologies become more complex and prolific, there is a need to rapidly deliver effective EW capabilities against multiple complex threats simultaneously in a more efficient, agile and holistic manner while mitigating undesirable tradeoffs. Important Army technical initiatives in EW include leveraging open and modular system architecture and common hardware; communications and other related C4ISR functions to reduce size, weight and power; and developing integrated architectures that enable rapid component development in EW and cyber innovation and evolution.
Mine, IED, and Minefield Detection and Defeat
The Defense Department predicts the threat from explosive hazards is likely to remain high in the coming decade, as abilities to counter them continue to evolve. CCDC C5ISR Center identifies, investigates, develops, matures, evaluates and demonstrates technology and system-level prototypes for the U.S. Army that are used in the detection and neutralization (including electronic countermeasures) of explosive hazards that include improvised explosive devices, and mines, whether employed individually or in minefields, buried underground, camouflaged or laying on the ground’s surface. CCDC C5ISR Center’s DOD-unique IED, Mine and Minefield Detection and Defeat core competencies and investments directly support the Army and Defense Department strategy of countering mines, Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) and other explosive threats while maintaining maneuverability. Superior explosive-hazard detection and neutralization technologies, coupled with an inclusive government approach that integrates federal, state, local, tribal, territorial, private sector and global participation in counter-mine/counter-IED activities, best position the United States to detect and neutralize mines/IEDs in the nation and abroad. Along with its mission to develop systems for military application that detect and neutralize mines, minefields and unexploded ordnance, CCDC C5ISR Center also applies these technologies to humanitarian operations.
Intelligence, Analysis, Exploitation and Dissemination
By better understanding adversaries, the U.S. Army can better determine how to handle both friendly and hostile military situations. There are mass amounts of information and intelligence to be acquired, extracted, analyzed, synthesized and delivered in effective, actionable formats to protect and arm U.S. Soldiers with the tactical and strategic advantage. Diverse and constantly expanding data sources ranging from radio frequency and visual spectrum sensors to socio-cultural factors, weather and terrain must be ingested, tracked and processed by the Intel Enterprise. Limited communications networks in the Soldier’s environment often reduce the ability to transmit data to locations where it is needed. Complex information environments call for advanced technologies to transform Big Data obtained from multiple sources into a tactical understanding of the battlespace in the form of detailed, relevant and proactive situational awareness to support predictive, timely and decisive action where it is needed. CCDC C5ISR Center develops and evaluates new technology in partnership with a broad range of Defense Department stakeholders and other agencies in support of the development of advanced intelligence analysis, exploitation and dissemination prototype systems, concepts, techniques and methodologies that address the asymmetric threat facing Soldiers.
Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance and Targeting
The spectrum of threats encountered by U.S. Soldiers is varied and complex. Degraded visual environments, demanding weather conditions, urban environments and adversary asymmetric warfare strategies are serious risks to Soldiers' safety and mission execution. ISR&T technologies provide actionable information that enables Soldiers to be aware of their surroundings and to perform their duties more safely and with increased effectiveness. This operational insight provides tactical and strategic alternatives for mission success and mitigates the risk of surprise attacks. CCDC C5ISR CENTER provides advanced collection capabilities with the flexibility to address changes in the operational environment and signatures of interest to develop the situation through action by acquiring precise and timely information. CCDC C5ISR Center evaluates new technology in partnership with important Defense Department stakeholders and other agencies in support of the development of advanced intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance and targeting prototype systems, concepts, techniques and methodologies that address the asymmetric threat facing today's Soldier. CCDC C5ISR Center focuses on contributing to the Army’s ISR&T mission by providing the research and development to enhance sensor, tactical augmented reality, laser, radar, signals intelligence, and position, navigation and timing systems.
Coordinated communications between Soldiers is essential to successful missions. Whether Soldiers are in an operations center with systems such as Command Post of the Future (CPOF), in a vehicle or platform with mounted systems such as FBCB2 or dismounted with FM Radios, mission effectiveness often depends on the gathering, synthesizing and delivering of the right information to the right person at the right time regardless of environmental circumstances and constraints. Mission Command Capabilities and Computing Platforms efforts focus on providing the commander the ability to effectively manage resources to achieve a successful mission. Mission Command augments the skill and experience of Soldier leaders with Soldier-intuitive technologies to effectively plan, control, adapt and execute mission objectives. Mission Command Capabilities & Computing Platforms coordinate and enable the seamless integration of six Warfighting functions - Intelligence, Fires, Protection, Maneuver, Sustainment and Mission Command in order to achieve mission success.
CCDC C5ISR Center’s Mission Command Capabilities & Computing Platforms efforts maintain ongoing relationships with active Soldiers and commanders to better understand their needs, to provide technical expertise and engineering leadership in support of Mission Command programs of record, and to conduct research and development to advance the technology, interfaces and interoperability of government and commercial innovation.
Tactical and Deployed Power
The advanced capabilities, such as communications systems of today’s dismounted Soldier, come with a power and energy burden as Soldiers rely on power for all aspects of their mission such as systems that enable situational awareness, connectivity, mission command and actionable intelligence. Tactical and deployed power initiatives entail providing advanced, smaller, lighter weight, higher yield, reduced cost Soldier-power and mobile-power sources, power generation systems, renewable energy systems, environmental control systems, and intelligent power grid technologies and systems.
CCDC C5ISR CENTER focuses on Soldier and mobile power and energy, power generation and storage, and power distribution and management. CCDC C5ISR Center develops advanced and novel power and energy materials, components and systems, and performs engineering, integration and experimentation to provide technical expertise to the Army ensuring smart procurement of power and energy systems. CCDC C5ISR Center’s power engineers test and evaluate new power materials, subsystems and systems to determine the most energy dense and cost- effective power sources for Soldier use, and develop the necessary software to manage and control advanced power systems. CCDC C5ISR Center has a unique position within the Army power and energy domain bringing together the facilities, capability and personnel with the in-house knowledge to conduct basic research through advanced development through production verification and validation.
Tactical and Strategic Networks
In today’s dynamic operational environment, information is the weapon of choice, and life and death can hinge on reliable connectivity through secure and undisrupted networks. The ubiquitous nature of mobile communications, low cost of entry and the speed of commercial innovation calls for relevant expertise that spans the tactical network domain. Soldiers need reliable and secure communications connectivity across networks and devices, because compromised communications can impede the Soldier and the mission. CCDC C5ISR Center provides the infrastructure, tools, vehicles, architectures, interfaces, standards, hardware, protocols, antenna, satellites and bandwidth used to establish, maintain and secure operational connectivity. CCDC C5ISR Center researches, develops, architects and provides engineering analysis, testing and project leadership in support of Tactical and Strategic Networks and to provide assured connectivity for the Soldier at all echelons and battle phases.
CCDC C5ISR CENTER develops networks by creating or adapting technology and knowledge to enable more network functionality such as assured transport, increased capacity and enhanced security. CCDC C5ISR Center has the unique role of defining network strategy from a technical perspective, shaping the products and technologies within that strategy, transitioning and providing technical support capabilities to program managers or programs of record, and developing the architecture for Assistant Secretary of the Army Acquisition, Logistics and Technology (ASA ALT) to incorporate those program managers or programs of record items. The Strategic and Tactical Network architectures developed by CCDC C5ISR Center bridge technology-based programs through Program Executive Offices and Program Managers to ultimately become operational capability sets.